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UVOBPI Clocks 10: Our Past, Present And Future Advocacies And Developmental Drives For Badagry, By UVOBPI-TEAMCO

Posted by on May 11, 2021 at 6:25 AM Comments comments (640)


UVOBPI’s advocacy role not only introduced economic development challenges, inequities and injustice affecting Badagry and her communities to the leaders in Badagry, Lagos and Nigeria at large but significantly, outside these communities, our team has helped build community networks in Nigeria and across frontiers reaching out to over fifty million online. Many read our online campaign awareness articles, updates, news updates and engage in discussions, our fight against corruption awareness campaign and many more.

Here are a few highlights of our success. Despite the number of challenges, we were able to stand our ground because of your support and participation on our platforms and on behalf of all our team, thank you for your volunteering spirit and support. We look forward to your continuous support and together we are stronger.

For some of the highlights of our success and challenges, visit us here for information:

For some of the highlights of our challenges, and how you can support us, why not visit us at the following link to read about our May 2011 – December 2020 Reports at:

For some of our UVOBPI-TEAMCO projects and how you can be part of this dedicated team working behind the scenes for the good of our communities in Badagry, Lagos State and Nigeria, why not visit us at this address for information:

Here is some good news why you should join and support us (you can support by volunteering to work for us or by your volunteer donations). Please have a look at our forthcoming projects and do not miss out to be part of one of these. We look forward to hearing from you.

Our Active and Upcoming Projects:

UVOBPI TEAMCO Skills Acquisition Centre Empowerment Project RE: UTSACEPC/001/ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/001

UVOBPI TEAMCO Inter-School Competitions to Encourage Academic Excellence Project RE: UTISCEAE/001/ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/002

UVOBPI TEAMCO Scholarships for Indigent Brilliant Students RE: USIBS/001/ ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/003

UVOBPI TEAMCO Provisions for Aged People Project RE: UPAPP/001/ ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/004

UVOBPI TEAMCO Soft Loans for Small and Medium Enterprises RE: UTSLSME/001/ ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/005

UVOBPI TEAMCO Medical Outreaches Empowering Project RE: UTMOEP/001/ ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/006

UVOBPI TEAMCO Transparency International Conference Project RE: UTTIC/001/ ELPD/004/O3/PHB/005/O4/TEAMCO/001 Vision 2021

Contact us here for information and how you can support one of these projects!

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Posted by on May 4, 2021 at 4:10 PM Comments comments (16)

Constructive And Deconstructive Of Nigeria’s National Security Challenges: The Buba Galadima NACT-PVS’ Special Study, By Senu & Daranijoh

“No big head, all agencies of government, all tiers of government, to do their own proper jobs not sharing money alone, taking loans running to billions of naira.”


The Nigerian Association of Criminology Terrorism & Political Violence Studies on Buba Galadima, Elder Statesman Statement!


Femi Senu & Folarin Daranijoh Independent Researchers at NACT-PVS

04 May 2021

The security situation in Nigeria has gone beyond greed and grievance. Our research has forecasted that if this act of greed and grievance is not managed then Nigeria is heading for a civil war. Most significantly, the lack of human security, systemic corruption, and kidnapping all over the place just a few to mention. All these variables are fuelling civil war. Lastly, we have also gathered outstanding evidence that heavy use of coercive approaches against insurgencies without addressing the underlying causes will continue to fuel conflicts and more insecurity. These conflicts or violence will potentially, or gradually spread across the nation.


To enlighten on these subjects, we have gathered the extracts from the online video statement of Alhaji Buba Galadima on the Security Situation in Nigeria, dated 30 Apr 2021. We watched and observed this statement at the Nigerian Association of Criminology Terrorism and Political Violence Studies (NACT-PVS) with our team and experts and we have constructed the following analysis on the current security situation in Nigeria. We ask our readers to watch this video with the following YouTube link: but pay close attention to our collective examination of Alhaji Buba Galadima’s statement and our analysis of Nigeria’s security challenges discussed in this matter. In this constructive and deconstructive article, you will be reading the following topics:



  • NACT-PVS’ Analysis Constructive and Deconstructive of Nigeria’s Security Challenges.
  • NACT-PVS’ Extracted Discourse of Alhaji Buba Galadima’s Statement.
  • Extracted Comments from Nigerians: Views on Nigeria’s Security Situation.


Nigeria’s security situation concerns everyone, but is Nigeria in a state of confusion right now? The kind of uprising seen with the Arab Spring that started on 17 December 2010 – can this happen in Nigeria (see Ruthven, 2016; Maleki, 2011)? Hold your thoughts and read our analysis, watch the video and observe what Nigerians are saying, analyse these comments and send us your reply.


NACT-PVS Analysis: Constructive and Deconstructive of Nigeria Security Challenges


Considering insecurity and security issues in Nigeria, there are many explanations to this and the current narratives on this matter has disconnected between Nigerian leaders and its citizens unwillingness to open doors to winning strategies or bring about a reduction to Nigeria’s security challenges. For example, Alhaji Buba Galadima has discussed that inviting Mercenaries to fight Boko Haram will be a solution to Nigeria’s Boko Haram, however, this discussion has not considered the negative impacts of foreign professional soldiers fighting a war or engaging in political violence related conflicts in another country. Case examples has shown that this will result in disaster and will worsen Nigeria’s situation; this is not a sustainable solution but rather will aggravate Nigeria’s existing insecurity situation. There are comparable data examples from around the world. Examples are seen in Libya, Syria, Yemen and many parts of the world and it would be reasonable for Nigeria’s leaders to learn from these. It is regrettable that Nigeria’s many talented individuals have been left out in the discourse of the country’s future and security.


Second, compliance with the rule of law in Nigeria is essential and this needs to be efficient and consistent. It is unnecessary for anyone to be above the law. Ministers, military gladiators, the senates and the president do not have to place themselves above the law. It is reasonable that Alhaji Buba Galadima in his discourse video stated that “no big head, all agencies of government, all tiers of government, to do their own proper jobs not sharing money alone” and that “we have taken loans running to billions of naira.”


Many Nigerians have shied away in the discourse of corruption. Nigerians need to wake-up to reality; there is no need to shy away from the reality that well known to all Nigerians that corruption is systemic in the country and corruption is at the heart of the reason why Boko Haram still exists and prospers today. Corruption is one of the prime reasons why many Nigerians, including mainstream journalists and some media organisations have failed to speak the truth about Nigeria’s insecurity situation. Corruption is at the heart of unemployment and the reasons why economic development is hampered. Corruption is the reason why Nigeria’s leaders have failed to use talented Nigerians and experts to help address insecurity situations and development matters in Nigeria. This includes exploring the talents of Nigerian scientists at home and abroad. And the fact remains that corruption has corrupted the corrupted and the corrupted have corrupted the uncorrupted. In this circumstance, it will be improper to discuss security with the corrupted. Incorruptibility has been corrupted in this matter, and engagement in this manner will resolve to a deep catastrophic insecurity phenomenon. To escape the consequences of these, such as seen in Libya, Yemen or Syria will be inevitable. The insecurity that Nigerians are witnessing today are the effects of corruption, mismanagement, incompetent leaders, a lack of ethical standards, of proactiveness and a conflict of interest at the edge of these levels amongst many more. It is not that Nigeria is lacking the strategies, laws or mechanisms to achieve all of these but it is corruption that has rendered inactive proactiveness, enforcement of laws and justice against corrupt leaders, and hampered genuine dialogue and strategic success (see Senu, 2019; Senu & Daranijoh, 2018). More political violence and civil wars are knocking at the door heavily and Nigerians need to wake up from their slumber before it is too late. There is already systematic political violence occurring in Nigeria every day and it is a matter of time before this escalates.


Are journalists’ part of Nigeria’s problem? This is in consideration to one of the comments extracted following Alhaji Buba Galadima’s video statement from one Nigerian who has watched the video. Our analysis on this is that, exploring the relationship between mainstream media or journalism into why some individual journalists or media organisations may or may not be part of Nigeria’s problems is crucial for Nigeria and our discussion above provided insight into these narratives. Notably of this is systemic corruption at all levels of Nigeria’s society and system. This has a part to play in the level of insecurity suffered by every single Nigerian today and in many cases, Nigerians themselves are part of the insecurity problems we face today, so no one is exempt. Corruption is at both the top and the bottom level of Nigerian society (see Senu, 2019; Senu & Daranijoh, 2018).


Considering military solutions to Nigeria’s insecurity challenges, Nigeria needs to learn from other countries who love military solutions to every insecurity problem and the reason why human security concepts were introduced by the United Nations Development Programmes in the first place. Those who are taking the lead in Nigeria’s affairs need to be humble and educated into the national constraints in national security matters, the country’s citizens human security and state security needs and why political violence and civil wars occur. These discourses are essential and both Nigeria’s military and leaders needs a complete humble mind to understand deconstructive and constructive mechanisms of these variables.


Extracted Discourse from Alhaji Buba Galadima Statement


By Buba Galadima, Elder Statesman


National Security Challenges in Search of Panacea


The security situation in Nigeria is scaring


There are: Pressure 24/7 on security situation in Nigeria


The solution


“It is not arrogance, it is not big head. We have to subsume to the eventualities of the situation today in the country. The military is overwhelmed, the military is overstretched, the military is under-armed, and the military is not receiving any motivation. Their moral is low, they can not do what we expect them to do, which is supposed to do their job. We are sending our children directly into the gallous, that is what it means but there was a solution. Somebody tried it that we have accused and called the names. Dr. Ebele Goodluck Jonathan. When he came under pressure in 2015, he stopped the election by six weeks and imported mercenaries into the country after six weeks, election was able to be held in every polling-booth in this country and we promised the nation that we can stop the security challenge because we have experienced the people, tested people supportively, we can right the wrongs of the economy and this is where we found ourselves. There is something compounding this situation, which Nigeria don’t know and I want them to know because with the death of President Idriss Deby (additional information: the President passed away on 19 April 2021) we have become exposed, we have become vulnerable not only in Nigeria but in almost all the countries surrounding Nigeria, that is central Africa and West Africa. Idriss Deby has about two Southern strong armed, brave men that is holding (the) fort for Government in Niger Republic. Idriss Deby has got an unknown number of military people that is now probing the Government in Mali. So also, he has military people in Burkina-Faso. He is the one that is managing the security situation in Central African Republic. Then he is the one that is assisting Nigeria and Cameroon to stop the overtake of our territory by Boko Haram. Today Idriss Deby is no more. He was in Nigeria only five days to his death and signed a security memorandum with Nigeria for Nigeria’s Government. Yet, when this man died no Nigeria official, let alone a high-ranking person was sent for his burial. With this the government missed the opportunity to dialogue with other world leaders on surrounding insecurity challenges.”


According to Alhaji Buba Galadima, Nigeria has missed the opportunity to discuss “security situation with the vacuum created by General Idriss Deby.” It is a known fact that the Chadian Government is the eye and the ears and the heart of the French government in Africa. Right now, Chad is facing a rebellion, a civil war because of the tribes that killed him and currently, there are now four rebel groups heading to Capital of Chad (N’Djamena; based on the countries listed by Alhaji Buba Galadima, these groups are supported by proxy foreign powers). And the current discussion is the refusal of the current Chadian government claiming not to negotiate with the alleged groups to have killed Idriss Deby and that if the Nigerian government was there, they would have facilitated negotiation.


Why is Chad important to Nigeria’s National Security?


According to Alhaji Buba Galadima, “the Multi-National Joint Force uses Chadians military equipment, uses Chadians military personnel”, and “one thing you must give the Chadians soldiers, they are very brave, they are very courageous, they are very resilient, and they can work under any condition not even afraid to die and that is why Idriss Deby, a sitting president of Chad, left his comfort zone and flew to the war front where he met his death and that is the kind of soldiers that Chad has.” It was claimed by Alhaji Buba Galadima that civil war is imminent now as the various groups are not negotiating with others. The narrative here is that, when Chad pulls its forces from Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and the Central African regions it would make the whole region vulnerable and Nigeria would suffer the most. According to Alhaji Buba Galadima, “all the Governments will fall to the Bandits” and “where do we go to” as the “military now overstretched.”


What is the solution then?


The solution is simple according to Alhaji Buba Galadima “for me, first, the president must establish the war cabinet, we are in war, where every morning at 9 o’clock, they will sit down to review the security situation in the past 24 hours in Nigeria.” According to him, “if the president is not disposed, to doing that, he should get the Vice President to chair that committee or get the national security adviser to do that every morning, review what has happened within 24 hours.” Second, “no big head, all agencies of government, all tiers of government, to do their own proper jobs not sharing money alone, taking loans running to billions of naira. Just last week the National assembly approved loans for Mr. President. Have they asked, all the trillions that they have approved in the last six years, show us what you have done with the money? I hear, they tell us that they are not corrupt, its ok, you are not corrupt. You borrow this, this, this, what have you done with it?”


According to Alhaji Buba Galadima, it was also discussed that some of the projects initiated in Nigeria such as the Niger bridge, “is not Federal Government money” and “railway from Lagos to Ibadan” and the “Kaduna” railway “was constructed by (Sani) Abacha (Nigerian General whose years of service ran from 1963–1998: this was one of the former military presidents in Nigeria), even the wagons brought in to the port were not cleared until Yarudua time (born 1951 and died 2010; this was also one of the former civilian presidents in Nigeria) for clearing. I know this because I have been a member of delegation that have gone to China several times.” Discoursing the rail ways issues, Alhaji Buba Galadima confidently claimed that, “we know history” and “they cannot do that” and that “No Nigerian trusts this government” (i.e., we analysed that this is resulting from the many unfulfilled promises considering the effects of corruption discussed). The question was raised concerning these issues according to Alhaji Buba Galadima:



  • Are we secure?
  • Is there employment?
  • What should be done and secure life?



According to Alhaji Buba Galadima,” advising this government, even though I know that they will never take it. Once you say anything, they classified you as: are you for us or against us. Even if you tell them the truth and give them the best of advice, they will not take.”


The way out


“We can see even the president is not strong enough to give 24 hours of his time for this work, let him please, appoint anybody, even if it is his son, somebody.” That (i.e., somebody) “is proactive and can act on his behalf so that people sit down and analyse all these issues every 24 hours and proffer solutions and one of the solutions is that, they must use intelligence and technology in order to defeat” all these problematic challenges of insecurity discussed and “lastly, since the military is overwhelmed, the best he could do is to hire mercenaries” and “it is going to be cheaper for us, to advice our military.”


Extracted Comments from Nigerians’ Views on Nigeria’s Security Situation following Alhaji Buba Galadima statement


Tony Akubue: Journalist are part of the problem in Nigeria because some of them are covering up the truth. Why is the journalist pretending that all is well with Nigeria or is she not aware that Nigeria is bleeding?


Anthony Odo: So Chad president want to catch Shakau they start calling him name that is why we said Nigeria government is sponsor of Boko Haram, this man always said the truth,


Daniel Chukwu: What convinces you to believe that Buhari who has ludicrously showcased displayed his incompetence throughout his tenure will suddenly have the wherewithal to handle Nigeria’s worsening security challenges? None of this man’s suggestions address the fundamental issues that has led Nigeria to this point. Military solution is not the absolute answer.


Tony Obodoechina: Big shame. A country of 200m with about 50% unemployed are talking about recruiting mercenaries. Conscription is a great option. Absence of Law and order, population explosion is our urgent problem. Those who are taking the leads must often sort for help from outside the country.


Mimi Owoeye: He said Chad is the one holding Nigeria security. Idiots everywhere. Our soldiers are brave!! The Nigeria Generals are the ones stealing all resources needed for the soldiers. Buhari wants a Fulani caliphate. All these information is noise making. Buhari is a big mistake.


Valgie Odukwe: Nigeria can only be saved when they agree to admit the true identity of person in Aso Rock and condemn the killing of BIAFRANS/IGBOS/ODUDUWA.. You all talk about the killings in the North and never the killings in the Southern parts of Nigeria.


Olumide Martins: We don’t need massinary to fight for Nigerians we are better and stronger than that….the northerners are very week niger is done God help us no more security sir galadima just said the truth…no more security be were. That is why you northerners sold us out…are you now telling me that Chad military is stronger than nigeria Amy miss management of nigeria security by the northerners. We are over 200milion I know you sir that is why I respect you.


Alfred Anakwe: This is very serious but our leaders don’t seem to care. I don’t understand why our president won’t speak with Nigerians. If he continues like this there will be another civil war in Nigeria. Only God can save us.


We thank you for reading this article but most importantly we ask that you leave us your comments to help us serve you better. Thank you!




Maleki, A. (2011, September 2). Uprisings in the Region and Ignored Indicators.


Ruthven, M. (2016, June 23). How to Understand ISIS. Retrieved May 03, 2021, from


SYMFONI (Director). (2021, April 30). Alhaji Buba Galadima Speaks on the Security Situation in Nigeria [Video file]. In Youtube. Retrieved May 3, 2021, from


Senu, O. (2019). A critical assessment of anti‐corruption strategies for economic development in sub‐Saharan Africa. Development Policy Review. doi: 10.1111/dpr.12442


Senu, O., & Daranijoh, F. (2018). African school of thought: The missing ideology in finding a solution to sub-Saharan African insecurity. Development Policy Review, 36. doi: 10.1111/dpr.12397




To read our newly published academic articles, please follow these links:


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A critical assessment of anti‐corruption strategies for economic development in sub‐Saharan Africa: First published: 18 May 2019

African school of thought: The missing ideology in finding a solution to sub‐Saharan African insecurity: First published: 05 July 2018

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Learning from the Niger Delta Region and Bayelsa State. An Urgent Appeal to the Lagos State Governor

Posted by on April 15, 2021 at 8:30 PM Comments comments (7)


His Excellency

Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu

The Executive Governor

Lagos State

Alausa - Lagos



16 April 2021

Dear Governor

An Open Letter Part 2: Has Badagry been benefiting from the 13% derivation fund for oil producing states? Or is it just the wealthy few? Learning from the Niger Delta Region and Bayelsa State. An Urgent Appeal to the Lagos State Governor


Corruption has provided reasons for conflict but can both corruption and conflict be blamed on the denier for fairness and equitable shares? What can Lagos State learn from the Crude Oil Derivation Fund?

Violent conflicts, agitations and crimes increase considerably in this region as a result of denying the people a fair and equitable share of the country’s wealth, in particular the sourced crude oil resources in the region, despite the shift to a 13% derivation fund to alleviate agitations including other statutory allocations forecasted to the state for development reasons. The untold story that people may not know is that those bestowed to equally enable fair shares of the country’s wealth have not be able to achieve their duty of care to “pragmatically and strategically deploy Bayelsa state's share of the 13% derivation funds for meaningful development and transformation of the lives of the citizenry” (Gilbert et al, 2015, p.149). The causes of this ranges from corruption as causing a blockage for the development of that region in the Niger Delta and Bayelsa State.

In 2016, the Federal Government (FG) alleged that “four of the five oil wells discovered in Badagry legitimately belonged to Lagos State” and that "the state would start receiving 13 percent derivation fund”. Again, the FG also revealed that “Aje 3 oil well” mainly “falls beyond the 200-mile isobaths and therefore cannot be legitimately attributed to Lagos State” (see more on this story with Akinsanmi, 2016).

In 2016, a visit was made to inspect crude oil and gas production from Aje’s oil wells. The reason provided was for the purpose of disbursement of 13% derivation fund to the state according to the 1999 Constitution of the FG Republic of Nigeria (as Amended).

The technical committee at this inspection also advised that “for the purpose of derivation as spelt out under Section 162 (2) of the 1999 constitution (as amended) as well as the provision of the Allocation of Revenue (Abolition of Dichotomy in the Application of Derivation) Act 2004, Aje oil wells 1, 2, 4 and 5 falls within the 200m isobaths and therefore should be attributed to Lagos State.”

There is great need for transparency, accountability and inclusiveness in Lagos. The law is clearer in the matter of derivation and those bestowed with Lagos State’s affairs should take seriously the importance of a fair and equitable share of the state’s wealth, mainly as seen from crude oil resources. Similarly, those entrusted should, and must, understand that even though advantages of such resources emerge, environmental degradation is also a deadly consequence. This is the 21st Century, not the 19th or 18th Century, as such we humbly and respectfully appeal to the 15th Governor of Lagos state, His Excellency, Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu to listen to Badagry people’s calls for development (please also see An Open Letter Part 1: Assessing Crude Oil Exploration and the Environmental Impacts on Sustainable Economic Development in Badagry. An Appeal to Lagos State Governor, Minister of Environment, Federal Ministry of Environment & Minister of Petroleum Resources).

Explaining UVOBPI-TEAMCO’s CSO work connecting local communities and what our advocacy work does.

UVOBPI-TEAMCO Monitoring-Observation-Advocacy Mission’s (UTMOAM) eye is on Lagos and we humbly advocate for openness and transparency in Lagos’ affairs and relations with Badagry’s communities at large. UTMOAM also solicits an inclusive society and asks for accountability and our UTMOAM will lobby for transparency and openness to ensure fairness and an equitable share of the state’s wealth derivation to reach Badagry and equally other parts of Lagos. Our Civil Society Organisation (CSO) works with the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and comply with Chapter II and III and applicable National legislation in Nigeria for all our advocacy work.

For this reason, UTMOAM seeks direct engagement in Badagry’s affairs and we strongly and humbly further appeal for UTMOAM to be carried along in matters relating to Lagos State and the development in Badagry. What we ask your administration for is transparency, accountability, openness, inclusiveness, and a fairness and equitable share of the state’s wealth to all our communities in Badagry and all other communities who have been left out throughout Lagos state. This is an open appeal sir, and we humbly wait for your reply within the next two weeks at UTMOAM. Below are references of our findings attached.
















Akinsanmi, G. (2016, August 17). FG approves 4 oil wells, 13% derivation for Lagos. Retrieved April 14, 2021, from

Gilbert, L. D., PhD, Gwediananie, A. K., & Anthony, R. (2015). Corruption and the Utilization of 13% Oil Derivation Fund in Bayelsa State of Nigeria. International Journal of African and Asian Studies, 13, 149-153. Retrieved April 14, 2021, from



An Open Letter Part 1: Assessing Crude Oil Exploration and the Environmental Impacts on Sustainable Economic Development in Badagry.

Posted by on April 15, 2021 at 7:45 PM Comments comments (20)


His Excellency

Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu

The Executive Governor

Lagos State

Alausa - Lagos




Hon. Minister of Environment

His Excellency

Muhammad Mahmood

Federal Ministry of Environment


Mabushi - Abuja





Hon. Minister of Petroleum Resources

Chief Timipre Sylva

Block D

NNPC Towers

Herbert Macaulay way

Central Business District - Abuja





16 April 2021

Dear Sirs


Part 1: Assessing Crude Oil Exploration and the Environmental Impacts on Sustainable Economic Development in Badagry. An Appeal to Lagos State Governor, Minister of Environment, Federal Ministry of Environment & Minister of Petroleum Resources


The environmental impacts of crude oil exploration cannot be overlooked and such impacts have been observed in the Niger Delta region. This has threatened human habitation and livelihood. One example of such is community Ajido, in Badagry Lagos State, and others that are in close proximity to the exploration site have complained of their discomfort as ecological impacts and problems increase. The discomfort recorded across these communities includes loss of livelihood and health hazards. And the complaints include the failure to adequately implement and regulate the Environmental Impact Assessment act (EIA) for oil exploration to consider international standards, a requirement that must be met, and complied with, before commencing oil exploration. Some of the impacts of oil exploration suffered in the Ajido Badagry region include acid rain affecting the fertility of the soil and has been seen in areas of low crop growth as an environmental impact and skin irritation, rashes and likelihood of cancer as some of the many human impacts. Other consequences discovered in these categories is the rise in temperature that has led to immature growth and withering plants such as mat stalks, coconut trees, maize, casava and a reduction in the coconut market and diverse farm produce industry (see Nwannekanma, 2019).

The impact goes beyond Ajido. Gberefu Island and other communities have been equally affected as oil exploration has reduced the quantity of fish because of the light connected with the flying of gas and some have labelled the exploration as “exploitation” because of the way the agents behave (see Nwannekanma, 2019).

Comparable examples have been found in the Niger Delta, that Lagos State could learn from in order to prevent the devastating consequences of crude oil exploration or exploitation (see Pitkin, (2011; Ayanlade, 2016). For a critical overview of the situations and matters at hand, UVOBPI-TEAMCO has researched the lessons to be learnt and have offered the following results for your examination.

Stakeholders engaging in the policy process of Crude Oil Exploration

Environmental Impact Assessment act (EIA): the theory of EIA provides divers tools for stakeholders engaging in the policy process but governments in developing countries also need to effect plans, monitor, take accountability, and show openness and due process and compliance to the rule of law that enables the EIA to effectively access and mitigate adverse environmental impacts. Why are these necessary? There have been studies that has evaluated the EIA procedure in relation to the Nigerian Maritime Oil and Gas Sector (NMOGS). Notably, these interactions connect the complex discussion between policy, business and civil society actors domestically and beyond implementing agencies. Studies have also shown that the institutional context of NMOGS is circled by dominant interagency conflict and policy ambiguity and the main reason for the ambiguity “is that two EIA systems operate in parallel at the national scale” causing problems for the country to attain their anticipated goal of reaching “sustainable development in the domestic oil and gas sector” (see Morounkeji, 2012).

What consequences lie for the future for failing to do it right now?

Accountability, openness and complying with the EIA act and other relevant environmental laws are absolutely necessary for agents and stakeholders. Among many of these challenges is the increase in organised crime. For example, studies have shown that the Niger Delta oil crime is one of the most significant natural resource crimes worldwide with systemic theft, sale and unlawful refining that reach at least 20 percent of Nigeria’s oil output and that “Illegal bunkering and artisanal refining have increased exponentially over the past decade” (see Cartwright & Atampugre, 2020). There are indeed many lessons to learn from these situations as we would love our dear Lagos and Badagry to stay free from environmental hazards and the troubles that emerge with this. Just as it happened in the Niger Delta region, there are threats to both human habitation and the economic life of communities, whose major occupations and livelihoods have been snatched away. Besides, many conflicts perceived in the 21st century was the outcome of a lack of an inclusive, open, and accountable, fair society that lacks an equitable share of resources. Also, we have discovered that there are many laws out there that are more than capable to protect Nigeria from environmental impacts. We have detailed these below.

Environmental Legislation in Nigeria

Environmental Policy and its Enforcement: the foundation of environmental policy in Nigeria that agencies or actors comply with and doing so enforce environmental law is seen in the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Pursuant to section 20 of the Constitution, with this, “the State is empowered to protect and improve the environment and safeguard the water, air and land, forest and wildlife of Nigeria. In addition to this, section 2 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act of 1992 (EIA Act)” and “the public or private sector of the economy shall not undertake or embark on or authorise projects or activities without prior consideration of the effect on the environment” (see Makinde & Adeyoke, 2007).

The Federal Government of Nigeria has sufficient laws and Regulations to protect Nigeria’s environment. These range from: (see Makinde & Adeyoke, 2007; ESRM Africa, 2020)

• Federal Environmental Protection Agency Act of 1988 (FEPA Act). The following Regulations were made pursuant to the FEPA Act:

• National Environmental Protection (Effluent Limitation) Regulations;

• National Environmental Protection (Pollution Abatement in Industries and Facilities Generating Wastes) Regulations; and

• National Environmental Protection (Management of Solid and Hazardous Wastes) Regulations.

• Environmental Impact Assessment Act of 1992 (EIA Act).

• Harmful Wastes (Special Criminal Provisions etc.) Act of 1988 (Harmful Wastes Act).

Considering the above overview and analysis, we humbly appeal to both the Federal and the Lagos State Government to act in the follow manners:

• Ensure openness and compliance with the EIA and in line with Nigeria’s legislation capable to hold stakeholders, agents and relevant actors accountable.

• We specifically call on the Governor of Lagos state to listen to Badagry people’s calls for effective and sustainable development free from environmental impacts.

Explaining UVOBPI-TEAMCO’s CSO work connecting local communities and what our advocacy work does.

UVOBPI-TEAMCO Monitoring-Observation-Advocacy Mission’s (UTMOAM) eye is on Lagos and we humbly advocate for openness and transparency in Lagos’ affairs and relations with Badagry’s communities at large. UTMOAM also solicits an inclusive society and asks for accountability and our UTMOAM will lobby for transparency and openness to ensure fairness and an equitable share of the state’s wealth derivation to reach Badagry and equally other parts of Lagos. Our Civil Society Organisation (CSO) works with the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and comply with Chapter II and III and applicable National legislation in Nigeria for all our advocacy work.

For this reason, UTMOAM seeks direct engagement in Badagry’s affairs and we strongly and humbly further appeal for UTMOAM to be carried along in matters relating to Lagos State and the development in Badagry. What we ask your administration for is transparency, accountability, openness, inclusiveness, and a fairness and equitable share of the state’s wealth to all our communities in Badagry and all other communities who have been left out throughout Lagos state. This is an open appeal sir, and we humbly wait for your reply within the next two weeks at UTMOAM. We have also provided references as evidence to our findings below.










Atampugre, N., & Cartwright, R. (2020, November 26). Organised oil crime in Nigeria: The delta paradox – organised criminals or community saviours? Retrieved April 15, 2021, from,exponentially%20over%20the%20past%20decade

Ayanlade, S., & Howard, M. T. (2016). Environmental impacts of oil production in the Niger Delta: Remote sensing and social survey examination. African Geographical Review, 35(3), 272-293. doi:10.1080/19376812.2016.1209121

ESRM Africa. (2020). Overview environmental legislation – Nigeria. Retrieved April 15, 2021, from

Makinde, O., & Adeyoke, T. (2007, November 20). Environment law in Nigeria - energy and natural resources - Nigeria. Retrieved April 15, 2021, from

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Nwannekanma, B. (2019, March 03). Lagos communities accuse oil firm of environmental pollution. Retrieved April 15, 2021, from

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Let's Make the Distance to Ending Corruption Shorter Than the Distance from North to South Nigeria, from East to West.

Posted by on April 14, 2021 at 9:20 AM Comments comments (22)

Let’s Make the Distance to Ending Corruption Shorter Than the Distance from North to South Nigeria, from East to West.

UVOBPI’s Observation on Country Review Report of Nigeria for the implementation, of UNCAC Articles 5-14 Review cycle 2016-2021


Date Published: Wednesday April 14, 2021

We tend to forget the impact corruption has on economic development, the reason why insecurity develops, why we have environmental degradation, educational inequalities and poverty in general. It is encouraging to see many leaders and organisations, including our youths, speak openly about and advocating for good governance. However, it is regrettable to observe that many are timid to speak openly about corruption as one of the prime causes of these problems. People fear that Nigeria will be divided and some States have started deciding to stand alone in a bid to breakaway from Nigeria. Yet, many advocating for this also fail to speak about the devastating impacts of corruption.

Nigeria is in turmoil with much news circulating around and yet, many people fail to understand or support the fight against corruption. Even though many national measures have been put in place in Nigeria to fight corruption, with the lack of openness, transparency, accountability, management, and more independence in the fight against corruption, prosecuting and penalising corrupt individuals and leaders should happen with immediate effect, and no one should be exempt. Until we understand that corruption is everywhere and is systemic and pandemic, corruption will forever continue in Nigeria and many other parts of the world.

Disunity is evident in Nigeria today and we should ask ourselves these questions: why and what factors are contributing to disunity and what are the consequences of disunity? In as much as these questions may sound simple, the consequences of these questions cannot be overlooked. We advocate for unity, we call for the collective engagement of all Nigerian citizens in the fight against corruption in this country, and we invite you to join us in this fight.

Let’s Put our Past Behind Us and Get a Move on!


#enddisunity | #observeengagestop | #endcorrupt9ja | #savetheclimatestopcorruption








Posted by on December 6, 2020 at 7:05 PM Comments comments (8)


7 December 2020


The founder of The United Voice of Badagry People Initiative (UVOBPI) Mr. Femi Senu, a Security Expert and Terrorism and Political Violence Analyst based in the UK, a member of TEAMCO an ‘ad hoc group’, formed in late October 2020 to ensure Transparency, Empowerment, Accountability, Management, Communication, and Organisation skills sustained in Badagry, was among the privileged guests invited to a special conference entitled ‘Unpacking the Nigeria Crisis Conference 4th December 2020’ on 4th December, organised by an International Organisation for Peace and Social Justice (PSJ) in the United Kingdom (UK).


The diverse speakers in this event included: H.E. Olusegun Obasanjo, the former President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Professor Zacharys Anger Gundu, Chairman of Benue State University, Makurdi, Lord David Alton of Liverpool, a Human Rights Advocate based in the UK House of Lords, Dr. Gloria Puldu, Executive Director of the Leah Foundation, James Duddridge, a British Member of Parliament and a Minister for African Affairs and The Revd. Gideon Para-Mallam, Global Mission Leader, Peace Advocate, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Para-Mallam Peace Foundation. The topics covered in the conference ranged from and do not limit to the following:


• The search for peace and unity

• Maximising Nigerian’s youth Bulge

• Erasing the fault lines

• Achieving security and prosperity


The speakers and all the participants at this special event focus on the necessity of peace and prosperity in Nigeria. Everyone at the event was passionate to ensure Nigerians as a whole live in peace and unity. The topics covered included how Nigeria’s communities can improve its security, empowerment of women and girls and empowerment of Nigerian youths in our local communities. For example, discussion covered security challenges and how current unrest in Nigeria is making it difficult to sustain economic development. According to the panel discussion, ‘the time is right to put many of the different opinions aside and support solutions. The root causes of Nigeria’s unrest today range from population growth, failure of governance, lack of prosecuting criminals and climate change. The conference invited all Nigerians in diaspora to engage with PSJ in their zeal for a better Nigeria and a better Africa for all.


Matters touched upon the threat of Boko Haram (BH), who have been in operation for over a decade in the northern part of Nigeria. It was alleged that BH have killed over 30,000 people and displaced over three million. Another matter touched upon was the unrest caused by the Fulani Herdsmen. An example is the killing and taking of people’s land. According to Professor Gundu, Benue state has been attacked 133 times and at least 50,000 people have been killed. At least 80,000 have been displaced and farm lands were destroyed. In Plateau State, lands have been snatched and villagers have been displaced. In Kaduna, at least 500 people were killed in this year alone.


In the section entitled ‘Maximising Nigeria’s Youth Bulge’, the enabling conditions on ground are at its worst and it is affecting Nigerian youths to excel. There is an urgent need to create an enabling environment for our youths to strive. Other factors required for Nigeria’s youth to excel is the need for educational information. This is currently hampered and needs repair. The mindset of youths need to change. For example, ‘there is no need to ask where someone comes from, or not, or which class should be second. Let us put Nigeria first would be the right thing to do’, according to a youth commentator.


The event echoed that Nigerians are heroes and we have Nigerians all over the world. There is a call to all Nigerians abroad to help Nigeria improve and help Nigeria’s potential work. There is a huge call to Nigerians in diaspora to be proactive enough to help Nigerians at home. In all, there is an urgent call for collaboration and the need to look beyond tribalism and nepotism.


Among the insecurity matters discussed included the need to prioritise between the war on poverty and war on insecurity. For example, it is often problematic to gauge the balance of what to prioritise first. Among other things discussed was the conduct of Nigeria’s security, such as seen in the #ENDSARS protest recently. And that this is not a new thing as we have seen that for years, how these issues result in the lack of trust for Nigeria’s security forces. According to Dr. Gloria Puldu from the Leah Foundation, ‘security must be taken seriously’ and ‘kidnapping’ needs to stop. There is an urgent need to ‘strengthen the laws, empowering of girls and women’ so they can help us develop Nigeria and ‘this is not a big thing, give us the education we want so we can move on’. Emotional calls were made to Nigeria’s authority to do all it takes to secure the release of Leah, a 14 year old girl, when abducted by Boko Haram. It was alleged that over 100 girls are still in captivity.


The evening session covered issues such as human rights abuses with a call made to leaders to learn from the unrest occurring in the country. For example, Lord Alton made reference to genocidal events occurring or that have happened in the past in other countries. For example, Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir who was a Sudanese politician and the seventh President of Sudan between 1989 to 2019 was removed in a coup d’état. And now subsequently incarcerated, tried and convicted on numerous corruption charges. Lord Alton made it known that justice might take a while, but it will surely be done and that governments who are a signatory to the 1948 Convention are under n obligation to protect their citizens against gender-based violations, rape and so on. They need to prevent and protect people but the convention will punish those responsible for these atrocities even if justice is slow to come. It shall and will definitely be done.


According to H.E. Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, ‘Nigerians are not difficult to manage’ and it was so disappointing to see the current uprising such as seen with the #ENDSARS protest that developed recently. Youths could have been listened to, but they were not. Obasanjo congratulated the International Organisation for Peacebuilding that hosted this conference recognising that the organisation is working for Nigeria, working for Sahel and working for West Africa and working for Africa. The former President thanked the organisation for the work they are doing, especially in bringing Nigeria together. Former President Obasanjo remarked that ‘for a nation to descend into abyss, so to say, it is gradual, and it is not taking account of what it should have accounted for’ such as ‘neglect, nonchalant attitudes and governance which manifests itself in different way.’ According to Obasanjo, ‘If you do not give your children the education, it doesn’t matter what innate ability they have, they cannot develop that innate ability to the extent that they can be useful for themselves, for their family, for their community, their locality, nation and indeed the world at large.’


According to Obasanjo, ‘these are the areas where we have gradually fallen behind over the years and in some cases, we have taken one step forward, and then one step sideways, one step sideways, and two steps at times backwards.’ The former president said, ‘this is the way we got to where we are’. The president alleged that just after Nigeria’s independence, Nigeria was at least better ‘economically’ than ‘most of the Asian countries we are looking unto, but in the last few decades of the 20th Century, Nigeria stagnated and the Asian countries moved on’. ‘We came again, starting at the beginning of millennium. We caught-up with some of them, but we started going down again and we have gone down so much now that we have become a laughing stock.’ According to the former president, ‘we have just seen one of the consequences, the youths are angry and they have exhibited and manifested their anger in a way and as I say, it’s not yet over because the underlying issues, the underlying factors, if we put a paper over them, put a carpet over them, and they are not dealt with, will come back, and will come back with a vengeance.’ Obasanjo said that ‘you don’t need to be an oracle to know that.’ It was claimed that this is a ‘scene that has never happened before, where they single out members of the political class—about half a dozen senators were singled out. Not in one state, not in one zone, and that is a new phenomenon. And that is sending a message to all of us. Not just the political class, all of us’ and ‘including you and me that anybody who is middle class or above should be careful’ according to Obasanjo.


‘Our constitution charges the revenue mobilisation and allocation commission with responsibility to fix the salaries of all political officers. Our members of national assembly decided to fix their own for themselves. And you will never even know but the estimate is that the senators go home with about 40 million naira a month. A member of the House of Assembly goes home with about 30 million naira a month, but our minimum wage is 30,000 naira a month. Now, even if you say, okay look, let the highest paid member of the national assembly get 100 times the minimum wage that will be only three million, now if a member of the house gets 30 million, find out what that is. If a senator is going home with 40 million, find out what that is. And the argument that, oh yes, the budget of the national assembly is only a small budget is absolutely nonsense. Does anybody, do a hundred times the job of anybody else? That is the way to look at it. For as long as that is there, then you will have people complaining.’


Another thing is, considering the #ENDSARS protest, ‘I believe those youths are genuine, they were not asking for a regime change, they went home, for about nine days, if not more, before we started talking to them, why didn’t we talk to them earlier.? They are Nigerians and they were very well organised in a peaceful way. That they in fact clean where they do assemble. Why didn’t we do that, why do we allow it to be hijacked by hoodlums? Why do we have the complicity from the presidency down to the man who pulled the trigger at Lekki toll gate, why didn’t we come up and make a clean press of what happened? Why did the president make a statement at first and didn’t even make any allusion to it? Why did it take the military so long before they now admit? First, they denied it.’ According to the president ‘why do we do things that are unnecessary?’ And what these kind of things do is that, ‘it erodes the credibility of the government and that doesn’t help.’ And ‘we are doing ourselves unnecessary harm’, putting ‘ourselves in a position we shouldn’t have been.’


Many things were discussed including the role of the media and reporting professionally. In the discussion included how the state can also engage in fake news in an attempt to mislead the nation from the actual truth. Misleading information can be deadly and the media has a responsibility to ensure reporting reflects the true story. Many traumatic events happen everyday in Nigeria and when a story is shared, you expect relevant authorities to do something about this but what you see is the opposite of what you expect. Governments share fake news with the aim to destabilise things. The panel discussion included:


• The Role of the British in Nigeria’s Onsecurity and Security in shaping a desired future for Nigeria

• Distinguishing Islam from Islamism

• The Vitality of Data

• The Nigerian Police & Security Services, Fit for Purpose?

• Examining the Roots of all of these problems


According to Femi Senu from UVOBPI and a TEAMCO member, the unrest facing Nigeria is the result of injustice, unemployment, inequality, selfishness and an inability to share Nigeria’s wealth to all states. At the heart of all of these problems is corruption. The issue is that, people are either not talking about corruption openly despite the fact that Nigerians know corruption exists. As such, there is a need to encourage Nigerians to openly discuss corruption, insecurity and socioeconomic challenges.


According to Senu’s submission to the panel, ‘it is not that Nigeria’s government lacks the mechanisms capable of fighting systemic corruption, but the issue is the lack of enforcement or the honesty to adequately implement the measures already in place. Without independent measures in place, capable of truly fighting corruption in Nigeria’s communities, impunity and insecurity will continue as a result.’ Senu encouraged collaboration with independent organisations that can deal with this issue. Corruption is a factor and one of the biggest root causes of the unrest witnessed in Nigeria in modern times.


The event concluded with the introduction of the newly published report entitled ‘Nigeria’s Silent Slaughter’

Nigeria’s Silent Slaughter: Genocide in Nigeria and the Implications for the International Community, a recently released, data tome, written and compiled by organizations at the forefront of advocacy in Nigeria. These individuals along with their respective organisations are actively involved in exposing the atrocities and the slaughter currently engulfing Nigeria. The research, data, testimonies, and statistics contained in this tome speak loudly to the condition of genocide.


Access Report



Time to Save Nigeria: An Open Appeal to Nigeria�??s Leaders

Posted by on November 25, 2020 at 12:30 PM Comments comments (18)

Time to Save Nigeria: An Open Appeal to Nigeria’s Leaders


Downplaying the impact of corruption is like pilling up papers in a warehouse - all it needs is a struck matchstick…


25, November 2020

UVOBPI wants to ask Nigeria’s leaders a question: Do you really love Nigeria and her people?


If you do, we humbly appeal to you that the time has come for you to put things right in Nigeria. To do exactly that we ask that you look at the following checklist:


* First, critically think about what unites us as Nigerians. The world loves Nigerians. People love Nigerians despite the minority of the corrupt individuals letting Nigeria and her people down. Think about Nigeria’s diverse culture and heritage.

* Second, Nigerians love to worship God. Most Nigerians are faithful. Despite a minority of individuals acting contrary to theological principles, people still love Nigerians. Yet, we cannot say we love God, go to our places of worship and then commit atrocities by stealing Nigeria’s monies and killing innocent civilians. It does not matter whether we are in a position of power or not, it is a crime to terrorise Nigeria’s streets. We cannot claim to be holy and not love our neighbour no matter their tribe, state or ethnic background.

* Third, what has happened to your conscience?


We humbly appeal to you to act now!


Nigeria is making the news for a number of reasons, and a large majority of this news narrates the difficult circumstances that many Nigerians face. No Nigerian wants to see the nation divided. You can still make things right before things get out of hand. The mathematics are very simple. Would you not agree that now is the time to stop corruption and put Nigeria’s people first before our own personal ambitions? Let us put away our selfish interests and put Nigerians first.


Corruption is everywhere in Nigeria. If you are a leader in Nigeria and in a position of authority, would it not be noble to live by example? Things you might want to consider are to:


* Stop stealing Nigeria’s money. Do not allow anyone to steal from Nigeria.

* Implement strong anticorruption strategies as control measures. These measures need to be proactive. No one should be above the law.

* Share Nigeria’s resources equally. Enable the spreading of wealth across Nigeria. All states must be treated equally.

* Vet and screen those we put into positions of power before they are appointed. Place integrity keepers in a position of power. Anyone that abuses the law must resign immediately no matter their background or affiliation.

* Engage the youth and be transparent in all dealings.


The unrest facing Nigeria is the result of injustice, unemployment, inequality, selfishness and an inability to share Nigeria’s wealth to all states. And at the heart of all of these problems is CORRUPTION. Without independent measures in place capable of purging all corrupt leaders and individuals throughout Nigeria’s communities, it will be impossible for any development agenda to survive. All Nigerians need to understand that corruption is systemic. Those on the frontlines need to take responsibility and understand that most of their colleagues are fantastically corrupt. These internal corrupt factors are connected at a state, national and international level as well as within diverse foreign policies and socio-economic development visions designed for Nigeria. To save Nigeria, Nigeria’s leaders must honestly wake up to this uncomfortable reality, that is if they truly love Nigeria’s people.


We appeal to our leaders to engage with independent organisations to find good, workable solutions. Make these bold steps and reform Nigeria once and for all. Seek opportunities and reach out to those who want to make a positive difference. If you do so, Nigeria will be well on her way to full recovery. There is a lot to do, but this will be a good step into the right direction. Please, save Nigeria from calamity.

Thank you



Posted by on November 25, 2020 at 5:20 AM Comments comments (8)

Please help the people get the justice they deserve!


UVOBPI update on 14, Nov 2020 

Yesterday, UVOBPI visited some of the victims who have had their homes destroyed by Nigerian Naval officers. We interviewed a few of them.



A woman narrated how Nigerian Naval officers came and demolished her house and some other people’s houses in Topo Badagry on Tuesday 10th November 2020. The woman and her husband were not at home when the unfortunate incident happened. She narrated that when she purchased the piece of land at Topo with her husband, they were not informed of the Nigerian Navy’s interference with the land. It was after sometime that they were told that there was a court case going on concerning the land. After several court sessions, the case was said to be thrown out thereby not favouring either party. “We went as far as the office of the surveyor general of Lagos State to chart the land only to discover that it doesn’t belong to the Nigerian Navy. Not until this fateful day 10-11-2020 that the men of the Nigerian Navy came armed with guns and a caterpillar which they use to demolished our house”, she says. She pleads to the Nigerian government and all well-meaning Nigerians to come to their aid as they have nowhere to lay their heads.



Another victim narrated. “My father had been working on his piece of land since 1967 until he became late”. His father never told him that the Nigerian Navy owned the land and he is now over 45 years of age. He narrates, “The Navy suddenly came sometime ago telling us that we should vacate the land saying the land belongs to the Nigerian Navy. They said they were coming for demolition on Sunday, but they now came on Tuesday at about 12pm in the afternoon and demolished the house. They destroyed both my house and property. We were then warned not to harvest any coconut on the land henceforth. The Navy officers came fully armed with guns. We could only stand and watch while the bulldozer tore down our only place of abode. We were told the case was in court, so we were surprised that the Nigerian Navy came and destroyed our home.”


He calls on the Nigerian government to come to their aid. He adds, “This is purely injustice.”



Another person lamented the destruction of both of his houses and the church building at Topo. His son who spoke with us said they have been on that land for almost 25 years. He told us that about 15 men of the Nigerian Navy, armed with guns, came to their house with a demolition tractor and demolished both their houses. He cried that they are now homeless and the people can no longer worship at the church. The young man cried and appealed to the relevant authorities to come to their aid. He says, “We have nowhere to go.”



Another person narrates, “When the Naval officers came, they met my mother who pleaded with them and told them that she was a widow, but all her pleas fell on deaf ears. Just like the others, her house was also demolished.” The widow called her son, who was already at work, to come and see what had befallen them. This young man gave way to tears. Crying, He said, “We have nowhere to put our heads.” He too pleads for the Nigerian government and well-meaning Nigerians to come to their aid.


UVOBPI’s Analysis

Nigerians, we are better than this. We preach mercy, love, compassion and we are known to be good people. Badagrians are known to be gentle and kind, but why are we letting these deplorable acts befall our communities? If lawlessness continues to survive amongst the law enforcement community, and there is no one to hold accountable these individuals who take laws into their own hands and go about victimising people in our society, then how proud can you truly be to be called Nigerian? We are better than this.


This is the time to preserve the good name of Nigeria. Nigerians are good people and we must all come together to do justice to those who deserve it. Badagrians are not the first victims and they will not be the last if the authorities fail to act now. The majority of Nigeria’s law enforcement are good people. They are just ordinary people in society, but you must stand up against oppression, against injustice, and stop the minority of bad apples amongst you. Stop them damaging Nigeria and your reputation as Nigeria’s law enforcement. Law enforcement is meant to protect its people and communities, not terrorise them.

The Deplorable Conditions of the Lagos-Badagry Express Way: A journey with blood, sweat and rehabilitation

Posted by on April 24, 2019 at 4:20 PM Comments comments (9)


The rehabilitation of the Lagos-Badagry expressway has occurred with blood, sweat and tears. Why and with what impact?


Note: The article you are about to read was written following UVOB“s recent visit to the Badagry Lagos Expressway. UVOB visited the rehabilitation site on the Badagry Lagos Expressway at Atura / Mowo (between the Atura bus stop and Age-Mowo bus stop of the Olorunda Local Council Development Area Badagry) on March 28, 2019.


UVOB continues to monitor the rehabilitation process of these roads. Unfortunately, little to no progress was made since UVOB“s last visit. As a result, UVOB reveals the deplorable conditions faced with the Lagos-Badagry Express Way, concluding that this is a journey with blood, sweat rehabilitation. UVOB urges the responsible authorities to take immediate action to honestly rehabilitate these roads without further delay.




Since 2011, UVOB has been raising awareness on the deplorable conditions of the Lagos-Badagry expressway. The recent pronouncement of rehabilitation is largely welcome, but this has not been the first time such pronouncements have been made, only creating inconsistences leading to discontinuation. Considering these issues and the long-term socio-economic impact, UVOB now raises the question: is the current rehabilitation of the Lagos-Badagry expressway capable of genuine success?


With a view to history, lessons need to be learnt if the current rehabilitation plans are to be successful. UVOB welcomes further research to enlighten the proponents of this rehabilitation process and the general population, taking into consideration the advantages of the Lagos-Badagry expressway for socio-economic development and job creation.


UVOB???s awareness campaign of the Lagos-Badagry expressway began with a critical observation of the suffering of road users, ranging from potholes and craters to long traffic jams. Heavy rain downpour worsened the situation, resulting in various manoeuvres that only breached traffic laws. Drivers could stop wherever they desired, putting lives at risks.


Over eight years, various articles published by UVOB and other news agencies evidence the view that the Lagos-Badagry expressway has been a rehabilitation journey with blood and sweat.


A history of appeals In 2013, UVOB re-posted an article from the Sun Online about the conditions faced on the expressway. Despite pleas to the government by ordinary citizens, nothing changed (see UVOB, 2013a). Further, despite the effort of the then Lagos State Government, revealing the advantages that the Lagos-Badagry expressway held for Nigeria“s economic growth, job creation for the youth and so forth, slow administration and corruption hampered progress of the rehabilitation of the Lagos-Badagry expressway and other connected roads. Many of the promises led to failures (see UVOB, 2013b). As a result, criminal activities grew between March and August 2013. The poor conditions provided by the weak rehabilitation of the expressway eventually led to harassment, robbery and physical assault in broad daylight (see UVOB, 2013c; UVOB, 2013d).


Having witnessed and taken in the dissatisfaction suffered by road users, UVOB appealed to community leaders for necessary genuine efforts, but these also fell on deaf ears. As a result of the uncomfortable conditions and the plea from many Badagrians and Nigerians using the expressway on a regular basis, UVOB wrote an open appeal titled “Lagos-Badagry Expressway: We Will Not Stop. We Will Not Fail. We Will Protect Our Future”. Similar to previous appeals, and despite all these, little progress was made to rehabilitate the roads (see UVOB, 2013e).


In addition, UVOB published an article titled “Tears on Lagos-Badagry Expressway” in July 2012 in anticipation of the aforementioned conditions. UVOB noted that the dream of a 10-lane Lagos-Badagry Expressway which was alleged to rank among the best in the continent would fail if genuine building efforts were lacking. It is not surprising seeing the general population angered that this dream has turned into a nightmare for motorists and commuters.


Various awareness campaigns raised during this period fell on deaf-ears (UVOB, 2012a; UVOB, 2012b; Kalu, 2012). The condition of the Lagos-Badagry expressway soon turned into tears for many commuters: many were vulnerable to crime and violence when travelling on the expressway. The most affected places were: Maza Maza through to Agboju, Alicia, Satellite Town, Ojo Cantonment, Okokomaiko, Afromedia, Vesper, Ijanikin, Torikoh, Oko Afo, Apata and deep-down to Agbara through to Badagry. Road users were brought to tears using these roads, bringing much pain not only to those who were immediately affected, but also to the citizens of Nigeria at large who sympathized with local residents.


Following this plight, UVOB decided to call out the irresponsible behaviour of the leaders whose primary responsibility is to address these issues. An appeal was made to the then Lagos State Governor, Babatunde Fashola, titled “Babatunde Fashola Lagosians need your help! Badagrians need your immediate intervention” (see UVOB, 2012c). This appeal received wider general support calling for the immediate intervention of both Federal and the Lagos State government.


Why a rehabilitation of “sweat” and “blood”?


Why a rehabilitation of “sweat” and “blood” And with what impact? Badagrians and Nigerians generally suffer using these roads. On a daily basis, lives are being lost, crime is rampant, and there is a mood afoot decline. Yet, people continue to smile while suffering. Failed promises have led to worsened conditions. Rehabilitation pronouncements appear to be mere delay tactics, feeding continuous agony and more “sweat” for the general population using these roads. Is the current rehabilitation of the Lagos-Badagry expressway capable of genuine success? Based on previous history, the short answer is probably not. This is a tough reality, as it only raises more questions such as: how much longer will the general population suffer? What does this mean for Lagos“ economic prospects? What does this mean for Nigeria“s economic development? These questions are worth attention and further research, especially as corruption, nepotism, bad lobbying and maladministration cannot be excused as reasons for why these many failures have occurred.


Final thoughts Nigeria is a member state of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). Nigeria signed UNCAC on 9 December 2003 and ratified it on 24 October 2004. According to Article 62 (1) of UNCAC, leaders need to take into account the negative effects of corruption on society in general (mostly when entrusted in positions of authority/responsibility). The problems facing the construction of the Lagos-Badagry expressway may describe breaches of UNCAC if proponents of the rehabilitation of the expressway are found corrupt. There is a need for the genuine implementation of monitoring systems, using Nigeria“s domestic laws to hold to account those entrusted with these rehabilitation processes. Lessons have not been learnt from the many failures. UVOB, Nigerians and in particular Badagrians hope for the best and appeal to the current administration for a swift response in the rehabilitation of the Lagos-Badagry expressway.


For further information contact UVOB at:


UVOB would love to use this opportunity to thank various news outlets who have always been raising these issues and we hope that the current endeavour to rehabilitate these roads will be a success.


References Kalu, V. U. (2012, July 14). Hell is Mile 2, Badagry expressway. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 23, 2019, from


Njoroge, T. (2019). Reconstruction and expansion of Lagos-Badagry Expressway begins. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from


Road Traffic Technology. (2019). Nigeria starts Lagos-Badagry Expressway expansion and rehabilitation. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from


UNCAC. (2003). United Nations Convention against Corruption. Retrieved from


United Voice Of Badagry (UVOB), (2012a, November 02). The Bitter Taste of Lagos-Badagry Expressway. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 23, 2019, from story_fbid=366420093449192&id=100002436125815&substory_index=0


UVOB, (2012b, July 16). Concern mounts over slow pace of work on Lagos-Badagry Expressway. Retrieved March 23, 2019, from


UVOB, (2012c, July 07). Governor Babatunde Fashola: Lagosians need your help! Badagrians need your immediate intervention! [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 23, 2019, from


UVOB, (2013a, March 09). Mile 2-Badagry Expressway: Journeying with sweat and blood. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 22, 2019, from


UVOB, (2013b, July 17). The Promises and Pains Of Badagry/Lagos Expressway. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 22, 2019, from


UVOB, (2013c, August 22). Robbers take over Lagos/Badagry road. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 22, 2019, from


UVOB, (2013d, December 28). The Tales Of Agony On Lagos-Badagry Road. [Web log post]. Retrieved March 22, 2019, from


UVOB, (2013e, February 06). We Will Not Fail. We Will??? Protect Our Future. [Facebook post]. Retrieved March 22, 2019, from

Progress Report on Badagry Lagos Express Way

Posted by on March 31, 2019 at 4:20 AM Comments comments (12)



In March 2019, UVOB visited the rehabilitation site on the Badagry Lagos Expressway at Atura/ Mowo (the location visited is between Atura bus stop and Age-Mowo bus stop, Olorunda Local Council Development Area Badagry).


Everyone met on the construction site looked genuine and was very welcoming. Following a brief introduction of UVOB's aims and mission, UVOB articulated that Badagrians want to know the state of work in progress and how soon it will come to completion so as to alleviate the suffering they encounter every day on the road.


UVOB found some of the roads reconstruction equipment in full operation as workers were busy. It was difficult to speak to the appropriate site authority due to administrative complications and as a result information could not be obtained as to how much longer it would take to complete the works and the other areas to be covered.


It was difficult to identify who was in charge of the general supervisory functions. UVOB was transferred from an operator to a foreman, and then further directed to meet someone referred to as "Henry", who responded gladly. He stated, “I cannot give any information on the state of work in progress as I am only a field worker”. Nonetheless, he provided the name of the company entrusted for the rehabilitation of the Badagry Lagos Express Way as “CGC construction company”.


UVOB's observations The alleged company named by Henry appears to be CGC Nigeria Limited (China Geo-engineering Company), a Chinese company with its headquarters in Abuja, which is a subsidiary of CGCOC GROUP CO., LTD. in mainland China.


One of the prime objectives of UVOB's visit was to gather evidence that the actual work of rehabilitation had indeed commenced.


There is some work being completed, but the question of how soon the works will be completed is yet to be answered.


A few photographs are attached showing the road construction works in progress at the location inspected (Mowo/Atura Areas of the Badagry Lagos Express Way).


What can you do as an individual to help make Badagry great? As a Badagrian or fellow Nigerian using one of the roads on the Badagry-Lagos Expressway, tell us your experiences and your encounters using this road. Send us updated photos of the work in progress and remember to let us know the road location.


To our leaders/local authorities and federal government: Nigeria is a great nation and Badary has great history. The world is watching us. Please, we humbly appeal to you and with great respect for your leadership on this issue. Help us to effectively monitor the Badagry-Lagos Expressway rehabilitation processes. Help us identify corrupt elements that could hamper the progress or successful completion of these roads. Your help and leadership will ever be remembered by this great nation. We hope that with your help, the current rehabilitation of the roads will be successful, alleviate the suffering of our people and contribute to Nigeria's economic growth.